cache.config

The cache.config file defines how Traffic Server caches web objects. You can add caching rules to specify the following:

  • Not to cache objects from specific IP addresses.
  • How long to pin particular objects in the cache.
  • How long to consider cached objects as fresh.
  • Whether to ignore no-cache directives from the server.

Important

After modifying cache.config, run traffic_ctl config reload to apply changes.

Format

Each line in the cache.config file contains a caching rule. Traffic Server recognizes three space-delimited tags:

primary_destination=value secondary_specifier=value action=value

You can use more than one secondary specifier in a rule. However, you cannot repeat a secondary specifier. The following list shows the possible primary destinations with allowed values.

Primary Destinations

The primary destination field on each line is used to restrict the requests to which the caching rule will apply.

dest_domain
A requested domain name. Traffic Server matches the host name of the destination from the URL in the request.
dest_host
Alias for dest_domain.
dest_ip
A requested IP address. Traffic Server matches the IP address of the destination in the request.
host_regex
A regular expression to be tested against the destination host name in the request.
url_regex
A regular expression to be tested against the URL in the request.

Secondary Specifiers

The secondary specifiers are optional and may be used to further restrict which requests are impacted by the caching rule. Multiple secondary specifiers may be used within a single rule, though each type of specifier can appear at most one time. In other words, you may have both a port and scheme in the same rule, but you may not have two ports.

port
Request URL port.
scheme
Request URL protocol (http or https).
prefix
Prefix in the path part of a URL.
suffix
File suffix in the URL.
method
Request URL method (get, put, post, trace, etc.).
time
A time range, such as 08:00-14:00. Specified using a 24-hour clock in the timezone of the Traffic Server server.
src_ip
Client IP address.
internal
A boolean value, true or false, specifying if the rule should match (or not match) a transaction originating from an internal API. This is useful to differentiate transactions originating from a Traffic Server plugin.

Actions

The final component of a caching rule is the action, which determines what Traffic Server will do with all objects matching the primary destinations and secondary specifiers of the rule in question.

action

One of the following values:

Value Effect
never-cache Never cache specified objects.
ignore-no-cache Ignore all Cache-Control: no-cache headers.
ignore-client-no-cache Ignore Cache-Control: no-cache headers from client requests.
ignore-server-no-cache Ignore Cache-Control: no-cache headers from origin server responses.
cache-responses-to-cookies
Change the style of caching with regard to cookies. This effectively overrides the configuration parameter proxy.config.http.cache.cache_responses_to_cookies and uses the same values with the same semantics. The override happens only for requests that match.
pin-in-cache

Preserves objects in cache, preventing them from being overwritten. Does not affect objects that are determined not to be cacheable. This setting can have performance issues, and severely affect the cache. For instance, if the primary destination matches all objects, once the cache is full, no new objects could get written as nothing would be evicted. Similarly, for each cache-miss, each object would incur extra checks to determine if the object it would replace could be overwritten.

The value is the amount of time you want to keep the object(s) in the cache. The following time formats are allowed:

  • d for days; for example: 2d
  • h for hours; for example: 10h
  • m for minutes; for example: 5m
  • s for seconds; for example: 20s
  • mixed units; for example: 1h15m20s
revalidate
For objects that are in cache, overrides the the amount of time the object(s) are to be considered fresh. Use the same time formats as pin-in-cache.
ttl-in-cache
Forces object(s) to become cached, as if they had a Cache-Control: max-age:<time> header. Can be overruled by requests with cookies. The value is the amount of time object(s) are to be kept in the cache, regardless of Cache-Control response headers from the origin server. Use the same time formats as pin-in-cache.

Matching Multiple Rules

When multiple rules are specified in cache.config, Traffic Server will check all of them in order for each request. Thus, two rules which match the same request but have conflicting actions will result in their actions being compounded. In other words, Traffic Server does not stop on the first match.

In some cases, this may lead to confusing behavior. For example, consider the following two rules:

dest_domain=example.com prefix=foo suffix=js revalidate=7d
dest_domain=example.com suffix=js action=never-cache

Reading that under the assumption that Traffic Server stops on the first match might lead one to assume that all Javascript files will be excluded from the Traffic Server cache, except for those whose paths begin with foo. This, however, is not correct. Instead, the first rule establishes that all Javascript files with the path prefix foo will be forced to revalidate every seven days, and then the second rule also sets an action on all Javascript files, regardless of their path prefix, to never be cached at all. Because none of the Javascript files will be cached at all, the first rule is effectively voided.

A similar example, but at least one with a correct solution, might be an attempt to set differing values for the same action, as so:

# Incorrect!
dest_domain=example.com prefix=foo suffix=js revalidate=7d
dest_domain=example.com suffix=js revalidate=1d

# Correct!
dest_domain=example.com suffix=js revalidate=1d
dest_domain=example.com prefix=foo suffix=js revalidate=7d

The latter accomplishes the implied goal of having a default, or global, timer for cache object revalidations on Javascript files, as well as a more targeted (and longer) revalidation time on just those Javascript files with a particular prefix. The former fails at this goal, because the second rule will match all Javascript files and will override any previous revalidate values that may have been set by prior rules.

Examples

The following example configures Traffic Server to revalidate gif and jpeg objects in the domain mydomain.com every 6 hours, and all other objects in mydomain.com every hour. The rules are applied in the order listed.

dest_domain=mydomain.com revalidate=1h
dest_domain=mydomain.com suffix=gif revalidate=6h
dest_domain=mydomain.com suffix=jpeg revalidate=6h

Force a specific regex to be in cache between 7-11pm of the server’s time for 26 hours.

url_regex=example.com/articles/popular.* time=19:00-23:00 ttl-in-cache=1d2h

Prevent objects from being evicted from cache:

url_regex=example.com/game/.* pin-in-cache=1h