Introduction

This guide has the following basic components:

  • Introduction and overview.
  • Tutorials about writing specific kinds of plugins: HTTP header-based plugins, content transformation plugins, and protocol plugins.
  • Guides about specific interfaces.
  • Reference material.

If you’re new to writing Traffic Server plugins, Getting Started should be your starting point. Header-Based Plugin Examples provides details about plugins that work on HTTP headers, while HTTP Transformations explains how to write a plugin that transforms or scans the body of an HTTP response. New Protocol Plugins provides essential information if you want to support your own protocol on Traffic Server.

For a reference to the C API functions and types that your plugin will use, refer to the API Reference.

Below is a section-by-section breakdown of this guide:

Header Files
The header file directory structure, where to find headers for particular tasks.
Getting Started
How to compile and load plugins. Walks through a simple “hello world” example; explains how to initialize and register plugins. Basic structures that all plugins use: events, continuations, and how to hook on to Traffic Server processes. Detailed explication of a sample blacklisting plugin.
Query Remap Plugin
This chapter demonstrates on a practical example how you can exploit the Traffic Server remap API for your plugins.
Header-Based Plugin Examples
Detailed explanation about writing plugins that work on HTTP headers; discusses sample blacklisting and basic authorization plugins.
HTTP Transformations
Detailed explanation of the null_transform example; also discusses VConnections, VIOs, and IO buffers.
New Protocol Plugins
Detailed explanation of a sample protocol plugin that supports a synthetic protocol. Discusses VConnections and mutexes, as well as the new NetConnection, DNS lookup, logging, and cache APIs.

The remaining sections comprise the API function reference and are organized by function type:

Plugin Interfaces
Details error-writing and tracing functions, thread functions, and Traffic Server API versions of the malloc and fopen families. The Traffic Server API versions overcome various C library limitations.
Hooks and Transactions
Functions in this chapter hook your plugin to Traffic Server HTTP processes.
HTTP Headers
Contains instructions for implementing performance enhancements for all plugins that manipulate HTTP headers. These functions examine and modify HTTP headers, MIME headers, URLs, and the marshal buffers that contain header information. If you are working with headers, then be sure to read this chapter.

Mutexes

Continuations
Continuations provide the basic callback mechanism and data abstractions used in Traffic Server.

Plugin Configuration

Actions
Describes how to use TSActions and the TSDNSLookup API.
IO
Describes how to use the Traffic Server IO interfaces: TSVConnection, TSVIO, TSIOBuffer, TSNetVConnection, the Cache API.
Plugin Management
These functions enable you to set up a configuration interface for plugins, access installed plugin files, and set up plugin licensing.
Adding Statistics
These functions add statistics to your plugin.
API Functions
Traffic Server API Function Documentation.