traffic_layout SUBCOMMAND [OPTIONS]



The path to the run root file. It has the same effect as the command line option --run-root.


Document for the special functionality of runroot inside traffic_layout. This feature is for the setup of traffic server runroot. It will create a runtime sandbox for any program of traffic server to run under.


First we need to create a runroot. It can be created simply by calling command init.

traffic_layout init --path /path/to/runroot

A runroot will be created in /path/to/runroot, available for other programs to use. If the path is not specified, the current working directory will be used.

To run traffic_manager, for example, using the runroot, there are several ways:
  1. /path/to/runroot/bin/traffic_manager

  2. traffic_manager --run-root=/path/to/runroot

  3. traffic_manager --run-root=/path/to/runroot/runroot.yaml

  4. Set TS_RUNROOT to /path/to/runroot and run traffic_manager

  5. Run traffic_manager with /path/to/runroot as current working directory


if none of the above is found as runroot, runroot will not be used and the program will fall back to the default.



Use the current working directory or the specific path to create runroot. The path can be absolute or relative.

  1. Create a sandbox directory for programs to run under.

  2. Copy and symlink build time directories and files to the sandbox, allowing users to modify freely.

  3. Emit a YAML file that defines layout structure for other programs to use (relative path).


traffic_layout init (--path /path/to/sandbox/) (--force) (--absolute) (--copy-style=[HARD/SOFT/FULL]) (--layout=special_layout.yml)

For the --layout=[<YAML file>] option, a custom layout can be used to construct a runroot. Below is an example of customized yaml file (custom.yml) to construct.

prefix: ./runroot
exec_prefix: ./runroot
bindir: ./runroot/custom_bin
sbindir: ./runroot/custom_sbin
sysconfdir: ./runroot/custom_sysconf
datadir: ./runroot/custom_data
includedir: ./runroot/custom_include
libdir: ./runroot/custom_lib
libexecdir: ./runroot/custom_libexec
localstatedir: ./runroot/custom_localstate
runtimedir: ./runroot/custom_runtime
logdir: ./runroot/custom_log
cachedir: ./runroot/custom_cache

If traffic_layout init --layout="custom.yml" is executed, a runroot following the format above will be created.


storage.config does not use the cachedir value, but makes its relatives paths relative to the base prefix. So please update the directory for cache in storage.config according to the customized runroot.


Find the sandbox to remove in following order:
  1. specified in –path as absolute or relative.

  2. current working directory.

  3. installed directory.


traffic_layout remove (--path /path/to/sandbox/) (--force)


Verify the permission of the sandbox. The permission issues can be fixed with --fix option. --with-user option can be used to verify the permission of the runroot for specific user.


traffic_layout verify (--path /path/to/sandbox/) (--fix) (--with-user root)



Use the run root file at path.

-V, --version

Print version information and exit.

-h, --help

Print usage information and exit.

-p, --path

Specify the path of runroot for commands (init, remove, verify).


-f, --force

Force init will create sandbox even if the directory is not empty.

-a, --absolute

Put directories in the YAML file in the form of absolute paths when creating.

-c, --copy-style [HARD/SOFT/FULL]

Specify the way of copying executables when creating runroot. HARD means hard link. SOFT means symlink. FULL means full copy.

-l, --layout [<YAML file>]

Use specific layout (providing YAML file) to create runroot.


`-f`, `--force`

Force remove will remove the directory even if it has no YAML file.


-x, --fix

Fix the permission issues verify found. --fix requires root privilege (sudo).

-w, --with-user

Verify runroot with certain user. The value can be passed in as the username or # followed by uid.